CADW Listed Building Database Record For more information about records from Cadw:

philip.hobson@wales.gsi.gov.uk
www.cadw.wales.gov.uk
Plas Carew
Unit 5/7 Cefn Coed
Parc Nantgarw
Cardiff
CF15 7QQ

In compliance with the Welsh Assembly's Government's Welsh Language Scheme, the full textual information contained in the listed building descriptions are currently only available on the portal in English. However, it may be viewed in a version with Welsh labels and headings.

Church of St Michael (old church)

Street Name and Number: ,
Listed Building Reference: 5499
Grade: II
Date Listed: 30/01/1968
Date Amended: 20/10/1998
Co-ordinates: 247881,373418
Locality: Gaerwen
Community: Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog
Council: Isle of Anglesey
National Park: No

Location
In an isolated location, set back from the NW side of a country road and reached only by footpath. The church remains lie within an enclosed churchyard, c1.4km N of the new Church of St. Michael, Gaerwen.

History
The roofless remains of the church represent the eastern part of a C15 nave and chancel, with a N chapel added in 1638 by the Holland family of Plas Berw. The parish of Llanfihangel Esgeifiog underwent a number of changes in the early C19. There was a growth in population around the Pentre Berw area, brought about by the influx of workers to the nearby coalmines, and the building of Telford's new road across the island also led to an increase in population along its route. In the 1840's it was decided to build a new church and National School at the present, more central, location in Gaerwen, the new church of St Michael erected in 1847. The old church was then made smaller, the western part of the nave removed and the W wall erected, a chapel to the S removed and the opening blocked up c1874.

Interior


Exterior
The eastern part of the original church remains, consisting mainly of the chancel and N chapel. Walls of rubble masonry with sandstone dressings; walls are full height but the church is now roofless. Entrance is through a doorway in the W wall of the chancel; a reset mid C15 pointed-arched opening in a square frame with moulded and shafted jambs and a moulded label and quatrefoils in the spandrels. The W wall also carries the original reset gabletted bellcote. The S wall has been rebuilt, the W respond of the opening to the chapel is still visible; the N wall has a mid C15 rectangular window with moulded jambs and head and the opening to the N chapel has been narrowed. The E chancel wall has a late C16 window of 3 round-headed lights in a square frame with cavetto mullions and moulded hoodmould. Similarly detailed windows are in the N and E walls of the N chapel; the W wall has a blocked round-headed window to the S with chamfered jambs and straight hoodmould, to the N is a blocked doorway with depressed pointed-arched head and similar hoodmould. Above the E chancel window is a datestone with shield, initials, date I E S 1598, and the letters T R and R W inscribed in the angles of the return of the label; a stone near the jamb has an inscription (partly illegible) PWYBYNAC / A WNEL TAVA / RN O EGLWYS / DUW ...... TO / ...... A contemporary inscription runs around the outer fillet of the frame in the W doorway: OETTA [Y] ADRODD [YN Y] DRWS / PADER A GWEDDI DROS ENAID [W] AP [HOLL] AP DD AC ENEIDIEU ME[I] / RW [A C]HRISTNOGION Y BYD; and on a panel above the N window of the chapel T H MILES POSSIDET HA / NC CAPELLAM / LAVS DEO / V[L]T FEBR / 163(8). The roughly circular churchyard is enclosed by a low rubble wall with roughly embattled parapet, and the churchyard contains a number of C18 and C19 slate chest tombs.

Reason for Listing
Listed as the substantial remains of a C15 church with C17 additions. During the mid C19 many of the old churches on the island were extensively renovated or rebuilt, but a new church was built to replace this one on a new site, and as a result these remains constitute an important survival, retaining unrestored original late medieval features.

References
RCAHM Inventory, 1937, pp83-4.